1. What is cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity is the practice of protecting systems, networks, and programs from digital attacks. These cyberattacks are usually aimed at accessing, changing, or destroying sensitive information; extorting money from users; or interrupting normal business processes.

Implementing effective cybersecurity measures is particularly challenging today because there are more devices than people, and attackers are becoming more innovative.

2. Why is cybersecurity important?

In today’s connected world, everyone benefits from advanced cyber defense programs. A cybersecurity attack can result in everything from identity theft, to extortion attempts, to the loss of important data. Everyone relies on critical infrastructures like power plants, hospitals, and financial service companies. Securing these and other organizations is essential to keeping our society functioning.

3. Types of cybersecurity threats

The most common cybersecurity threats are phishing, ransomware, and malware.

4. What is phishing?

Phishing is the practice of sending fraudulent emails that resemble emails from reputable sources. The aim is to steal sensitive data like credit card numbers and login information.

5. How can I prevent phishing?

  • Do not provide personal information to any unsolicited requests for information
  • Only provide personal information on sites that have “https” in the web address or have a lock icon at bottom of the website
  • Use varied and complex passwords for all your accounts
  • Don’t open messages from unknown senders
  • Immediately delete messages you suspect to be spam
  • Use anti-virus protection and a firewall

6. What is ransomware?

Ransomware is a specific type of cyberattack where the attacker forces you to pay a ransom fee to regain access to your system or files. However, paying the ransom does not guarantee that the files will be recovered or the system restored.

Common types of ransomware attacks include scarewarelock-screen ransomware, and encryption ransomware.

7. What is malware?

Malware, short for malicious software, is a program or file that is intentionally harmful to your computer, network, or website. These types of cyber threats infect your system to gather sensitive data, disrupt operations, or spy on your digital activity.

Common examples of malware include viruses, ransomware, Trojans, spyware, keyloggers, and worms.

8. How does malware find me?

Malware can be picked up through normal Internet activities such as:

  • Visiting any media-supported website that bounds you to get a tracking cookie
  • Sharing music, files, or photos with other users
  • Installing software applications without fully reading license agreements

9. How can I prevent malware?

  • Say “No!” to free software
  • Avoid questionable websites
  • Be suspicious of emails and instant messages
  • Use a firewall
  • Use anti-virus protection

10. What are the symptoms of malware infection?

  • Sluggish PC performance
  • An increase in pop-up ads
  • Mysterious new toolbars you can’t delete
  • Unexplained changes to homepage settings
  • Frequent computer crashes

11. What types of businesses are most at risk for a cyberattack?

You may think that big businesses with more endpoints are more vulnerable than small businesses. However, bigger businesses or those that handle sensitive data typically have the technology, regulations, and processes to protect themselves from cyberattacks.

On the other hand, small and medium-sized businesses without dedicated IT expertise, cybersecurity technology, processes, or education are easy targets for hackers.

12. What’s the biggest challenge businesses face?

Staying educated when it comes to cybersecurity and being aware of evolving threats is one of the biggest challenges businesses are currently facing.

13. How do you build a cybersecurity solution?

Cybersecurity isn’t a one-size-fits-all product. Businesses need to take a layered approach to cybersecurity for defense, monitoring, and remediation. The specific solution you need for your business will be a combination of firewalls, email security, anti-virus, patching, VPN connections, and more.

14. What should I do if I suspect a cyberattack?

Your organization should have a cyberattack remediation plan in place. Having a remediation plan could save your business money and its reputation if a cyberattack occurs.

15. How much does cybersecurity cost?

Cybersecurity solutions depend on your organization’s individual needs. Once your specific security requirements are determined, Devfuzion can help design the perfect multilayered solution to help keep your business safe.